The PFTK formula gives the steady state throughput of a bulk transfer TCP flow as a function of loss rate and RTT:

where $b$ is the number of packets that are acknowledged by a received ACK and $T_0$ is the initial value of the timeout.

TBC.

## Bibliographic data

@inproceedings{
title = "Modeling and Quantifying the Impact of P2P File Sharing Traffic on Traditional Internet Traffic",
author = "YaNing Liu and HongBo Wang and Yu Lin and ShiDuan Cheng",
howpublished = "AINA",
booktitle = "Proc. 22nd International Conference on Advanced Information Networking and Applications - Workshops",
pages = "1428--1433",
year = "2008",
}